Detail View: CARY GRAPHIC ARTS COLLECTION: Johann Gutenberg and Movable Type

Filename: 
cc_csc018_gutenberg_06.jpg
Identifier: 
cc_csc018_gutenberg_06.jpg
Title: 
Johann Gutenberg and Movable Type
Creator: 
Thom, Robert A., 1915-1979
Subject: 
Gutenberg, Johann, 1397?-1468
Subject: 
Printing - History
Subject: 
Hand presses
Subject: 
Typefounding
Subject: 
Printing - Technological innovations
Subject: 
Bible - Publication and distribution
Summary: 
Johann Gutenberg is popularly miscredited with inventing movable type in the 1450s. (This was invented in 1040 A.D. by Bi Sheng in Asia). His real contribution to the history of communications, however, was that he was the first man to successfully combine all the necessary printing components: type casting, ink manufacture, punch cutting, composing, a press and paper, into a single workable system and reach a point of technical efficiency which was not surpassed until the nineteenth century. Although another printer finished publishing his magnificent "42-Line Bible," poetic justice for his significant contributions led historians to attribute the entire accomplishment to Gutenberg.
Publisher: 
Kimberly-Clark Corporation
Digital Publisher: 
Rochester Institute of Technology - RIT Libraries - Cary Graphic Arts Collection
Contributor: 
Kimberly-Clark Corporation
Date of Original: 
1966 approximate
Date of Digitization: 
2002-03-22
Broad Type: 
still image
Specific Type: 
oil paintings
Digital File Format: 
jpeg
Physical Format: 
oil on canvas
Dimensions of Original: 
91.44 x 121.92 cm
Language: 
English
Original Item Location: 
csc018
Library Collection: 
Graphic Communications Through the Ages
Digital Project: 
2019_0037_kimberlyclark
Catalog Record: 
https://albert.rit.edu/record=b2723660~S3
Place: 
Germany - Mainz
Rights: 
RIT Libraries makes materials from its collections available for educational and research purposes pursuant to U.S. Copyright Law. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. It is your responsibility to obtain permission from the copyright holder to publish or reproduce images in print or electronic form.
SaturationAdjustmentMagenta: 
0
AlreadyApplied: 
True
HasSettings: 
True
Clarity2012: 
0
AutoLateralCA: 
0
ToneCurveName2012: 
Linear
History[1]/stEvt:parameters: 
converted from image/tiff to image/jpeg, saved to new location
Exposure2012: 
0.00
ColorNoiseReduction: 
0
UprightTransformCount: 
6
UprightFocalMode: 
0
Vibrance: 
0
History[1]: 
type=Struct
DerivedFrom: 
type=Struct
IncrementalTemperature: 
0
HueAdjustmentOrange: 
0
Sharpness: 
0
GrainAmount: 
0
SplitToningShadowSaturation: 
0
MetadataDate: 
2019-09-25T13:13:55-04:00
Saturation: 
0
LuminanceSmoothing: 
0
History[2]/stEvt:changed: 
/
HueAdjustmentBlue: 
0
AutoWhiteVersion: 
134348800
WhiteBalance: 
As Shot
SaturationAdjustmentRed: 
0
ToneCurveBlue: 
0, 0, 255, 255
Dehaze: 
0
ToneCurvePV2012: 
0, 0, 255, 255
HueAdjustmentRed: 
0
PostCropVignetteAmount: 
0
CreatorTool: 
Adobe Photoshop Lightroom 6.12 (Macintosh)
PerspectiveHorizontal: 
0
LuminanceAdjustmentOrange: 
0
UprightPreview: 
False
SaturationAdjustmentBlue: 
0
ParametricDarks: 
0
ParametricMidtoneSplit: 
50
UprightCenterMode: 
0
History[2]/stEvt:action: 
saved
Shadows2012: 
0
History[2]/stEvt:softwareAgent: 
Adobe Photoshop Lightroom 6.12 (Macintosh)
ToneCurveRed: 
0, 0, 255, 255
Highlights2012: 
0
PerspectiveX: 
0.00
PerspectiveY: 
0.00
LuminanceAdjustmentYellow: 
0
PerspectiveAspect: 
0
GreenSaturation: 
0
SaturationAdjustmentYellow: 
0
DocumentID: 
xmp.did:9113183b-6d5c-4967-995f-29454a992c3e
format: 
image/jpeg
SplitToningHighlightHue: 
0
ShadowTint: 
0
ProcessVersion: 
6.7
VignetteAmount: 
0
SharpenDetail: 
25
ConvertToGrayscale: 
False
LuminanceAdjustmentMagenta: 
0
LuminanceAdjustmentPurple: 
0
PerspectiveRotate: 
0.0
ToneCurvePV2012Blue: 
0, 0, 255, 255
SaturationAdjustmentOrange: 
0
DefringePurpleHueLo: 
30
Version: 
9.12
ParametricShadows: 
0
DefringeGreenHueHi: 
60
HasCrop: 
False
HueAdjustmentMagenta: 
0
LuminanceAdjustmentAqua: 
0
UprightFocalLength35mm: 
35
HueAdjustmentPurple: 
0
LensProfileSetup: 
LensDefaults
Blacks2012: 
0
History[2]/stEvt:when: 
2019-09-25T13:13:55-04:00
Contrast2012: 
0
ToneMapStrength: 
0
PerspectiveVertical: 
0
RedHue: 
0
ToneCurvePV2012Red: 
0, 0, 255, 255
ParametricHighlights: 
0
HueAdjustmentGreen: 
0
History[2]/stEvt:instanceID: 
xmp.iid:9113183b-6d5c-4967-995f-29454a992c3e
SaturationAdjustmentAqua: 
0
DefringePurpleAmount: 
0
Whites2012: 
0
SharpenEdgeMasking: 
0
SplitToningBalance: 
0
RedSaturation: 
0
BlueHue: 
0
ModifyDate: 
2019-09-25T13:13:55-04:00
OriginalDocumentID: 
E91C7C0FFDE5D7007167159AB1BFA4EA
SharpenRadius: 
+1.0
LensManualDistortionAmount: 
0
SplitToningHighlightSaturation: 
0
ParametricShadowSplit: 
25
DerivedFrom/stRef:originalDocumentID: 
E91C7C0FFDE5D7007167159AB1BFA4EA
HueAdjustmentYellow: 
0
HueAdjustmentAqua: 
0
LuminanceAdjustmentRed: 
0
DefringeGreenAmount: 
0
SplitToningShadowHue: 
0
ToneCurve: 
0, 0, 255, 255
PerspectiveScale: 
100
UprightVersion: 
151388160
UprightFourSegmentsCount: 
0
LensProfileEnable: 
0
SaturationAdjustmentGreen: 
0
ParametricHighlightSplit: 
75
DerivedFrom/stRef:documentID: 
E91C7C0FFDE5D7007167159AB1BFA4EA
CameraProfile: 
Embedded
ParametricLights: 
0
DefringeGreenHueLo: 
40
ToneCurvePV2012Green: 
0, 0, 255, 255
SaturationAdjustmentPurple: 
0
BlueSaturation: 
0
DefringePurpleHueHi: 
70
LuminanceAdjustmentBlue: 
0
History[1]/stEvt:action: 
derived
PerspectiveUpright: 
0
History[2]: 
type=Struct
IncrementalTint: 
0
UprightCenterNormX: 
0.5
History: 
type=Seq
UprightCenterNormY: 
0.5
LuminanceAdjustmentGreen: 
0
ToneCurveGreen: 
0, 0, 255, 255
InstanceID: 
xmp.iid:9113183b-6d5c-4967-995f-29454a992c3e
ToneCurveName: 
Linear
GreenHue: 
0